This Week in History November 22nd-28th


November 22nd:

  1. 1943- U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek met in Cairo to discuss the measures for defeating Japan.
  2. 1950 – The lowest scoring game in the NBA was played. The Fort Wayne Pistons (later the Detroit Pistons) defeated the Minneapolis Lakers (later the Los Angeles Lakers) 19-18.
  3. 1963 – U.S. President Kennedy was assassinated while riding in a motorcade in Dallas,TX. Texas Governor John B. Connally was also seriously wounded. Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson was inaugurated as the 36th U.S. President.
  4. 1990 – Freddie Mercury (Queen) issued a public statement confirming that he had “been tested HIV positive and have AIDS.”
  5. 1998 – CBS’s “60 Minutes” aired a tape of Jack Kevorkian giving lethal drugs in an assisted suicide of a terminally ill patient. Kevorkian was later sentenced to 25 years in prison for second-degree murder.


November 23rd

  1. 1889 – The first jukebox made its debut in San Francisco, at the Palais Royale Saloon
  2. 1936 – The first edition of “Life” was published.
  3. 1972 – The musical “Pippin” opened at the Imperial Theater on Broadway.
  4. 1992 – The play “Someone Who’ll Watch Over Me” opened.
  5. 1998 – A U.S. federal judge rejected a Virginia county’s effort to block pornography on library computer calling the attempt unconstitutional.


November 24th

  1. 1859 – Charles Darwin, a British naturalist, published “On the Origin of Species.” It was the paper in which he explained his theory of evolution through the process of natural selection.
  2. 1871 – The National Rifle Association was incorporated in the U.S.
  3. 1940 – Nazis closed off the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw, Poland. Over the next three years the population dropped from 350,000 to 70,000 due to starvation, disease and deportations to concentration camps.
  4. 1947 – John Steinbeck’s novel The Pearl was published for the first time.
  5. 1969 – Apollo 12 landed safely in the Pacific Ocean bringing an end to the second manned mission to the moon.


November 25th

  1. 1783 – During the Revolutionary War, the British evacuated New York. New York was their last military position in the U.S.
  2. 1850 – Texas relinquished one-third of its territory in exchange for $10 million from the U.S. to pay its public debts and settle border disputes.
  3. 1986 – U.S. President Reagan and Attorney Gen. Edwin Meese revealed that profits from secret arms sales to Iran had been diverted to rebels in Nicaragua. National Security Advisor John Poindexter resigned and Oliver North was fired.
  4. 1992 – The Czech parliament voted to split the country into separate Czech and Slovak republics beginning January 1, 1993.
  5. 1998 – President Jiang Zemin arrived in Tokyo for the first visit to Japan by a Chinese head of state since World War II.


November 26th

  1. 1716 – The first lion to be exhibited in America went on display in Boston, MA.
  2. 1789 – U.S. President Washington set aside this day to observe the adoption of the Constitution of the United States.
  3. 1825 – The first college social fraternity, Kappa Alpha, was formed at Union College in Schenectady, NY.
  4. 1917 – The National Hockey League (NHL) was officially formed in Montreal, Canada.
  5. 1941 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill establishing the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day. In 1939 Roosevelt had signed a bill that changed the celebration of Thanksgiving to the third Thursday of November.


November 27th

  1. 1779 – The College of Pennsylvania became the University of Pennsylvania. It was the first legally recognized university in America.
  2. 1963 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson delivered his first address to a joint session of Congress.
  3. 1970 – Pope Paul VI, visiting the Philippines, was attacked at the Manila airport by a Bolivian painter disguised as a priest.
  4. 1983 – 183 people were killed when a Colombian Avianca Airlines Boeing 747 crashed near Barajas airport in Madrid.
  5. 1992 – In Venezuela, rebel forces tried but failed to overthrow President Carlos Andres Perez for the second time in ten months.


November 28th:

  1. 1520 – Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait. The strait was named after him. He was the first European to sail the Pacific from the east.
  2. 1582 – William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway were married.
  3. 1942 – In Boston, MA, 491 people died in a fire that destroyed the Coconut Grove.
  4. 1953 – New York City began 11 days without newspapers due to a strike of photoengravers.
  5. 1963 – U.S. President Johnson announced that Cape Canaveral would be renamed Cape Kennedy in honor of his assassinated predecessor. The name was changed back to Cape Canaveral in 1973 by a vote of residents.